Anti-inflammatory Diet: The Best Against Obesity
Patients with chronic inflammatory illnesses should adopt an anti-inflammatory diet to help them manage their symptoms.
When dealing with chronic inflammation-related disorders, we must follow a treatment-friendly diet. In this regard, it’s useful to know that some meals are harmful to us while others are healthy. Do you want to know what foods to include in your anti-inflammatory diet? You’ve arrived at the right location!
NCD and anti-inflammatory diet
For starters, chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) all stem from inflammation. Chronic inflammation is a prominent pathogenic element in metabolic diseases, which raises the risk of chronic degenerative disease.
To begin with, inflammation is a critical component of endothelial dysfunction in the development of atherosclerosis.
What is the definition of inflammation?
According to a 2012 study by Strowig and colleagues, acute inflammation is a physiologic response to infection or tissue damage. The mending and restoration of vascular tissues begin due to this response.
Warmth, redness, lump, and pain are clinical indications of inflammation, and they are induced by cytokines, chemokines, reactive oxygen species, and coagulation.
Although a defensive response characterizes acute inflammation, it can become a chronic condition if it lasts long.
This is because transcription factors (most notably tumor necrosis factor, NF-kB) and interferon regulatory factors (IRFs) are regulated, causing the production of inflammatory, immunological, and antiviral genes to be triggered.
Obesity and inflammation that goes unnoticed
In humans and animals, adipose tissue is proportional to gene expression and the increased production of pro-inflammatory chemicals. Obese persons, as a result, have persistent and chronic inflammation, which contributes to illness development.
Reduced insulin sensitivity, pancreatic-cell malfunction, non-alcoholic liver disease, and atherosclerosis are the most common alterations.
The metabolic syndrome and obesity
Obesity has been linked to inflammatory multi-organ alterations and long-term metabolic abnormalities. The pancreas, fatty tissue, liver, heart, and musculoskeletal system are the most common sites for lesions. These interconnected alterations define metabolic syndrome.
Some factors cause metabolic syndrome. On the other hand, the environment will determine gene expression as well as metabolic alterations. When we talk about the surroundings, we refer to the patient’s typical diet.
Obesity, higher blood glucose levels, and elevated blood pressure are all linked to diets heavy in animal fats and highly processed foods, foods high in sugar, and poor consumption of vegetables and fruits, among other things.
Importance of an anti-inflammatory diet for better health
Numerous research, such as Tuttolomondo A et al.’s study published in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences in 2019, supports eating patterns in predicting disease risk, treating disease, and reducing mortality.
The Mediterranean diet’s impact on inflammatory indicators such as hyperinsulinemia, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, central obesity, and hypertension has been thoroughly researched.
Furthermore, an anti-inflammatory diet, according to Sears B et al. in 2015, entails:
omega-3 fatty acid supplementation (2-3 g of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid daily).
Dietician calculations calculate calorie restriction with a proper balance of macronutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids).
These alterations will affect the inhibition of genes involved in the synthesis of pro-inflammatory chemicals, particularly those found in chronic inflammation.
As a result, they stimulate the AMP-activated kinase signaling pathway, which assists with energy balance and calorie intake by acting as a cellular energy detector.
Dietary guidelines from the Mediterranean
In countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea, the Mediterranean diet is neither consistent nor exclusive (including Spain, Italy, Portugal, Greece, and Croatia).
Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean meats, nuts, and olive oil are consumed in large quantities. Each country’s eating habits, on the other hand, are impacted by socio-cultural, religious, and economic considerations.
Inflammation can be treated with an anti-inflammatory diet.
In other words, the Mediterranean diet is defined by a sufficient intake of unsaturated fats (mostly omega 3), a low proportion of saturated and trans fats, a high concentration of bioactive compounds from plant-based products, and the consumption of natural and unprocessed sugar.
As a result, the Mediterranean diet has a wide range of physical benefits for health. It regulates the following factors that are linked to the metabolic syndrome:
- Starting with your contribution to reducing insulin resistance, you can help people with diabetes.
- It lowers the glucose concentration in the blood.
- GLP-1 incretin production is increased (intestinal hormones that promote insulin production).
- It lowers LDL cholesterol and triglycerides in people with dyslipidemia.
- Increases HDL cholesterol levels and adiponectin generation.
- Finally, it inhibits bile acid and cholesterol reabsorption in the intestine.
- It decreases the generation of foam cells, which are implicated in atherosclerotic plaque
- It controls both systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels.
- This substance aids the growth of blood arteries.
- The flexibility of blood vessels is improved.
- As a result, the risk of myocardial infarction and stroke is reduced.
- Controlling the risk factors linked to increased body fat is critical.
- However, the onset or prevention of different health issues is also influenced by one’s lifestyle.
Furthermore, eating an anti-inflammatory diet rich in polyphenols and unsaturated (omega-3) fats aids in the healing of inflammation, weight control, and overall wellness. It’s important to consult a dietitian who can figure out exactly what your body requires.